Rosenheim institite: what is the best wood for windows?
Popular types of wood for the production of windows
Today, pine, alder, oak, larch, walnut, beech, cherry, mahogany, meranti and teak are actively used for the manufacture of windows.
Both aesthetic and some operational characteristics of sashes and frames directly depend on the choice of wood species to buy wooden windows. At the same time, in fact, all modern wooden windows are equipped with one- or two-chamber double-glazed windows, so their heat and sound insulation depends little on the breed. But the choice of wood directly affects the appearance, resistance to deformation, the hardness of the profile elements and the ability of frames and sashes to maintain the correct geometry of shapes.
Today, pine, alder, oak, larch, walnut, beech, cherry, mahogany, meranti and teak are actively used for the manufacture of windows. This article provides brief characteristics of models from the most popular breeds, so that you can conduct a brief comparative analysis of the most popular windows on the market.
Eurobeam for wooden windows
Regardless of what species is used in production, almost all wooden windows are now made from glued laminated timber. This technology made it possible to get rid of the vast majority of the flaws that were inherent in natural wood. Thanks to the use of Eurobeam, it was possible to reduce the cost of all models, significantly improve their performance characteristics and significantly extend the service life of products.
Models made of this species belong to economy class products. However, thanks to the use of eurobeam, pine wooden windows are generally high-quality, beautiful and durable products. Despite the softness of the rock, according to DIN EN 352, pine has 3-4 classes of resistance to external influences, which is generally a good indicator. Taking into account the use of eurobeams for the manufacture of these windows, you can not worry about the strength of the sashes and frames.
Larch is considered to be a medium-price material, and standard-class wooden windows are made from it. In terms of strength, this breed with a beautiful texture is not much inferior to strong oak. Larch windows do not require such a deep antiseptic treatment as models from other species, since the resins in this wood naturally prevent the processes of decay, mold formation and the development of fungus. Although euro windows made of larch are cheaper than models made of oak, they are practically not inferior in strength to these products. In addition, larch is more resistant to decay processes than oak.
With a lot of advantages, this material also has some disadvantages. For example, a taunt, due to which problems may arise during assembly, installation and further operation of windows. In addition, this breed is vulnerable to exposure to UF radiation, which can quickly tarnish sashes and frames. If we compare larch with pine, then it is much heavier, therefore, when completing the windows with fittings and their subsequent installation, this fact should be taken into account.
Resistance to decay, pronounced texture, rich selection of natural shades and durability contributed to the popularization of oak. Despite the appearance on the market of new exotic woods with excellent aesthetic and operational characteristics, oak is still considered an elite material.
Meranti and mahogany windows
Meranti is mahogany, which is an elite and therefore very expensive material. Perhaps the price of mahogany windows is their only drawback. These breeds are native to Brazil and India and are of stunning beauty. However, not only excellent aesthetics ensured the elitism of products from these breeds. After processing, mahogany and meranti have a delicate velvety surface that can be polished to a shine, and a unique structure. Mahogany windows do not fade in the sun and perfectly retain the original geometry of the forms. See деревянные окна со стеклопакетом for details. With a relatively low weight, products from these species are characterized by high strength.